Certbot - Cloudflare DNS Plugin

Posted by David on April 2, 2019
Read time: 2 mins

In this tutorial we will get a wildcard certificate from letsencrypt using the cloudflare dns plugin. For the purpose of this tutorial we will be using example.com as the domain.

Install Cloudflare DNS Plugin

This tutorial assumes you have already installed certbot. If you have not, you can follow the instructions from certbot-eff.

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sudo apt update
sudo apt install python3-certbot-dns-cloudflare -y

API Credentials

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mkdir -p /root/secrets/certbot

Retrieve your api key from cloudflare.

  1. Login to the Cloudflare account.
  2. Go to My Profile.
  3. Scroll down to API Keys and locate Global API Key.
  4. Click API Key to see your API identifier.

Create the file below with your cloudflare information. We will save the file at /root/secrets/certbot/cloudflare.ini.

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# Cloudflare API credentials used by Certbot
dns_cloudflare_email = [email protected]
dns_cloudflare_api_key = 0123456789abcdef0123456789abcdef01234567

Secure the folder and file.

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find /root/secrets -type d -exec chmod 700 {} \;
find /root/secrets -type f -exec chmod 600 {} \;

Requesting for Certificate

The --dns-cloudflare-propagation-seconds option defines the number of seconds to wait before doing the validation checks, you can change it accordingly.

It is important that we specify the server to be the ACME v2 server as the v1 server does not support wildcard certificates.

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certbot certonly \
  --preferred-challenges dns \
  --email [email protected]
  --dns-cloudflare-credentials /root/secrets/certbot/cloudflare.ini \
  --dns-cloudflare-propagation-seconds 60 \
  -d "*.example.com" -d example.com \
  --server https://acme-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/directory \
  --agree-tos

We should now have our cert at /etc/letsencrypt/live/example.com/.

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[email protected]:~# ls -la /etc/letsencrypt/live/example.com
total 12
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Apr  3 10:44 .
drwx------ 3 root root 4096 Apr  3 10:44 ..
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root   34 Apr  3 10:44 cert.pem -> ../../archive/example.com/cert1.pem
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root   35 Apr  3 10:44 chain.pem -> ../../archive/example.com/chain1.pem
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root   39 Apr  3 10:44 fullchain.pem -> ../../archive/example.com/fullchain1.pem
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root   37 Apr  3 10:44 privkey.pem -> ../../archive/example.com/privkey1.pem
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root  692 Apr  3 10:44 README

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